C3-PO Mandella Effect.

Does C3-PO have a silver leg?

Due in part to the relatively tight budget George Lucas had for the first Star Wars movie, ‘A New Hope,’ the C-3PO outfit worn by Anthony Daniels was far from perfect. On the very first day of filming the costume kept falling apart every few minutes, a situation that made working in the deserts of Tunisia an especially grueling task.

This situation was made worse when a section of the left leg shattered and forced itself straight through the plastic covering and into Daniels’ foot. Fortunately the injury was minor, but the problems with the costume were never really fixed for the duration of the shoot. Consequently there are numerous sequences where only the top half of C-3PO is in view because Anthony Daniels is not wearing the bottom section of the costume.

The Chive

Many people have queried if, perhaps, the silver leg was one of Lucas’ digital alterations. After all, Lucas made the ‘special edition’ original trilogy as the ‘definitive versions’ and, until recently as a bonus disc with Blue Ray, the unaltered original copies have not been available. The following images are from publications before the digital alterations.

Images like this may have helped to cement an “all gold” image in people’s minds.

In the following image he looks gold, until you look closely at his leg and realize that it is, indeed, a different shade. In this picture, Lucas’ is correct in saying the sand reflected off his silver, making it appear golden in most scenes.

Look closely. These legs are different.

But then there are images of merchandise, such as the following model claiming: “designed from the actual android,” in which we see, clearly, two golden legs. So the silver-leg was overlooked by merchandisers, and the lack of continuity has raised many questions and much incredulity among the Mandela Effect community.

Authentic model kit sold in 1977.

This article here discusses the Kenner line of toys, specifically the droids. In the pictures it’s hard to tell if he’s golden or silver – the colours reflect themselves and each other – the sheen on the gold looks silvery, just as the sheen on the silver movie C3PO looks gold, reflecting the rest of the droids body. The article discusses how the toy was painted with a full gold finish. It’s simply easier and cheaper to mass manufacture a toy and paint it entirely one colour, then manufacture a different coloured piece.

At Wookieepedia, the entry on C3PO says this: “C-3PO was built from spare parts by Anakin Skywalker, a human slave who lived in Mos Espa, a city on the Outer Rim world of Tatooine. C-3PO’s memory was erased, though R2-D2’s memory was not. C-3PO and R2-D2 were assigned to the Alderaan cruiser Tantive IV, where they served senator Bail Organa for nineteen years. At some point during this time, 3PO’s right leg was fitted with a mismatched droid plating.” This corroborates George Lucas’ story about the reason why they didn’t paint the new leg plating (mentioned earlier in this article.)

It also goes on to mention that C3PO’s components were originally manufactured off world on Affa, about a century before the Naboo invasion. “At some point, however, C-3PO fell into disrepair, and his vital components ended up in a junk pile on Tatooine. Anakin Skywalker, a slave boy from the Tatooinian city of Mos Espa, collected scrap parts and started rebuilding C-3PO so the droid would help his mother.[19] Although protocol droids were normally designed for light duty in luxurious environments, Skywalker specially modified C-3PO so he could withstand Tatooine’s sand and heat.[20] C-3PO served Anakin and his mother Shmi by performing household chores. During his time with Skywalker and Shmi, C-3PO’s wiring was left exposed since Skywalker was unable to outfit him with an outer covering.” Later, in Attack of The Clones, when C3PO goes with Anakin’s mother to live with the Lars family on the moisture farm, C-3PO is given silver plating to shield him from Tatooine’s sandy environment.

In the animated series, The Clone Wars, C3PO’s legs get blown off on Cymoon 1, and in Attack of The Clones his head is easily detached and reattached onto a battle droid (and vice versa), and in The Empire Strikes Back, he is completely disassembled by imperial troopers on Cloud City. In The Force Awakens we see he has a new arm for some reason. There is ample evidence to show us how poorly designed Threepio is, that he breaks so easily (perhaps this backstory and later inclusions were inspired by the issues they had with the first costume while filming A New Hope.) It would make sense that the shin plating on his leg would need to be replaced at some point before Episode IV takes place in Lucas’ “used universe.”

On the website Starwarshelmets.com, there is technical details about the manufacture of the costume and numerous numerous photos. It is surprising how often the gold looks silver, even in Episode 3 which is the only film C3PO is actually all gold.

The main problem, I believe, with the whole C-3PO Mandela Effect theory is illustrated by the following image:

Once you see it – you can’t unsee it, as the saying goes. The leg is the same – it was always there, an unimportant and small detail we weren’t aware of, and then it was one day brought to our attention and the whole thing has been blown out of proportion.

Interview with Anthony Daniels http://www.usatoday.com/story/life/entertainthis/2015/12/15/anthony-daniels-c3po-star-wars/77341766/


Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back

Empirestrikesback“That boy is our last hope,” Ben Kenobi said, his voice heavy with emotion.

“No,” Kenobi’s former teacher corrected with a knowing gleam in his large eyes. “There is another.”

For those who do not know the story of The Empire Strikes Back: Luke, Han and Leia lead the rebellion against the fascist Empire and it’s Imperial forces that rule the galaxy. Their hidden base, on the frozen world of Hoth, is discovered by Imperial forces and they must survive military assault and evacuate the planet. Luke is a Jedi-in-training and exiles himself across the galaxy to find a legendary Jedi Master who can train him to refine his skills, so he can face off against the evil Sith Lord Darth Vader.

While Luke is training, his friends are trying to flee Imperial forces but are eventually captured when they land on a ‘neutral’ world. They are betrayed to the Empire and Han is captured and given to a bounty hunter to trade for reward. The capture of Lukes’ friends is all a trap, however, to lure Luke to confront Vader so he may either corrupt and convert him, or kill him and end any potential threat he presents.

Most of the brilliance of The Empire Strikes Back comes from the use and application of mythic structure. Even though this story is a sequel, it stands on it’s own. Our characters are introduced with backstories that aren’t explained, but are dripped out through interactions, reactions and dialogue – Our hero, Luke, is destined to face off with his nemesis, Darth Vader, but ultimately he fails, and the nemesis is left in a stronger position than ever.

Our heroes Allies are the ones whom we follow for the duration of the story; we experience their conflicts and their resolutions and they, figuratively and literally, function as the vehicle that moves our Hero, Luke, from point A to point B. At the end of this journey, Luke is not a great deal more powerful than at the beginning, but what he has gained is knowledge and wisdom and humility. With this, he takes a step back and realizes he must train harder and discipline himself even more. An important message for a hero to portray in every generation. And ultimately, we are introduced to The Emperor, a Lucifer figure manipulating Darth Vader and even the rebels every step of the way.

All these elements give the universe the story is set in a sense of wholeness and vastness – everything is a part of something greater, whether or not you can see it. The story and it’s mythos and contexts are, like The Force itself, what surrounds and binds everything together. The story is a four dimensional unit; beginning, middle, end, but it has a before, and an after, and even a ‘sideways’ where things are happening concurrently that impact the main characters, such as bounty hunters and politics. The universe George Lucas created has a background and a foreground and nothing feels forced or out of place.

Being a novelization that came out the same year as the film, meant it was inevitable that there would be discrepancies. In the book, Yoda is blue, not green, and Darth Vaders light-saber is described as blue, not red. Some dialogue is a little different, but the over-all character development or story context remains the same – though perhaps the initial back-and-forth between Hand and Leia is a little more love/hate than in the films – Han being much more sexist than in the movie. Luke’s training with Yoda is also extended in the book.esb_0009

These may seem like significant deviations to the lore of Star Wars, but Glut’s novelization is possibly one of the most faithful there is. After reading through both the initial and the final scripts for the film, Glut’s novelization is incredibly faithful to the final script used for the film. Unfortunately, during filming, lines were ad-libbed and scenes were cut out and new aesthetic decisions were made. Initially, Yoda was supposed to be blue (as seen in The Empire Strikes Back comic by Marvel), and Darth Vader’s light saber is never referred to as either red or blue in the script. The extended sequences of dialogue that expand on what was in the film were actually in the script as well. Not only this, but you can see these in the deleted scenes on the blue-ray version of the film.

People have criticized Glut for ‘adding’ sequences or getting details wrong, but the reality is that the man did his job exactly as he was asked, and very faithfully and accurately novelized the script he was given.

Where the book lacks is in adding richness or depth to the characters or story. The medium of writing allows a story teller to get inside a characters head and share their feelings and motivations. This would imply an immediate advantage over the film, but this was barely explored by Glut. In an interview with Jedinews.co.uk (2011) Glut poses the question himself as to why people would bother reading the book and then watching the film, or vice versa. He states himself that he has no understanding of the point of a novelization and has also never been a fan of Star Wars. For him it was just a job – it was just money.

This may sound callous, but back then that was George Lucas’ focus; part of Lucas’ contract being he gets a set commission off all merchandising instead of a single payment from the studio. His focus was to produce as much product as quickly as he could to maximize his return – there was little confidence in the film being successful at the time, and he was already planning his tactical retreat.

Another weak element of is Princess Leia’s involvement in the book. Leia’s passive role in this film isn’t so evident, but it’s strikingly obvious in the novelization. She doesn’t even play a damsel in distress role. She’s basically only there for Han to be sexist towards, and then to share a meaningful kiss when Han is frozen in carbonite at the end. Though she does also play, through her passiveness, a leadership role when it comes to tactics and strategy – which is true to her character. For the bulk of the film she is out of her element, and at the mercy of the Millenium Falcon, and so due to circumstance, must be the more passive character, as it would be poor judgement not to let the captain take control of his own ship.

This, again, is not a criticism of Glut, but to the script itself. This script wrote her as an irrelevant side-character, and tasked to recreating the script, Glut had no choice but to recreate that irrelevance on paper.

I do recommend the novelization to all fans, despite it’s differences to the cult film that has inspired generations. It does enhance characters in some parts, but mostly gives an interesting insight into the potential decisions the franchise could have made in direction and aesthetic. Even if you aren’t a fan, at just over 200 pages it is not a difficult read – the prose is clear and simple and it is an easy read.

I rate it a 7.5/10

For more information about the amazing talent that is Donald F. Glut, you can read about him on wikipedia or visit his website here.


Star Wars: Ylesia by Walter Jon Williams

YlesiajediorderYlesia is the sixteenth installment in the New Jedi Order series. Set in the Expanded Universe (now known as Star Wars Legends) it takes place approximately thirty years after A New Hope, though the EU/Legend stories are all now considered non-canonical since the Disney purchase of Star Wars. Ylesia takes place specifically between chapters 21 and 22 in Williams’ Star Wars novel The New Jedi Order: Destiny’s Way.

On the planet of Ylesia a group of traitors and criminals have set up a collaborationist government working in tandem with the devastating invasion forces of the Yuuzhan Vong. Inadvertantly finding himself leading these traiters is Han Solo’s nephew, Thrackan. The forces of The New Republic are planning a massive offensive to obliterate all collaborators on the planet and make an example of anyone that hinders the Republic.

Jacen Solo, Han Solo’s son, has a bitter resentment towards the Yuuzhan Vong, once being their prisoner. He proposes a raid into the heart of Ylesia’s capital, to capture the collaborators and hold them for trial and exile them offworld; a prolonged trial, he hopes, will extend the message that traitors to The New Republic will be held to account. What The New Republic doesn’t realize is that Yuuzhan Vong reinforcements have been sent, and the simple extraction of political officials turns into a full-on battle.

Not being familiar with this particular time-line in the Star Wars Legends universe, it took me a while to familiarize myself with the characters and settings. I didn’t read the blurb or synopsis and had no idea of what the book would be about. Once I knew the who and the what, the story became very self explanatory. Ylesia is a novella, so Williams doesn’t have page space to drag out character development, but does so efficiently with the time and word count that he has.

This is not a book filled with light-sabre battles and storm troopers – this is a more thought out political drama dealing with more complex issues, while still providing the expected stock of (limited) force-use, alien creatures, spaceships and explosions. It is an enjoyable book, despite doing very little to stand out, but it does nothing to really make me criticize, either. It is a genuinely good book, that left me wanting more. I wanted to know where these characters were going, what the consequences of the battle of Ylesia were. It was an unsatisfying ending for me, because I was left wanting so much more. Now that I know this is actually set between chapters in a larger Star Wars novel, I see now that I shall have to find and read this book as well. Like anything Williams writes, the book has excellent dialogue and action sequences, and you never feel lost in the excitement or confused by inconsistent characterization.

I recommend this book to Star Wars fans and rate it a 4/5. To download a FREE copy of this e-book follow this link here: Ylesia Download.

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Star Wars “Brothers in Arms” – FCBD 2005

cbcb1d1c-ecdf-439a-8e5a-429d5e614bf7Since 2002 the American Comic Book Industry began promoting Free Comic Book Day to encourage customers to visit independent comic book retailers, to encourage sales and attract new customers. The promotion was a success and still runs to this day. 2005 saw the release of the first Star Wars FCBD comic, which can be downloaded for free from Amazon.

Originally destined to be called “Brothers in Arms,” this title was already in use, and as such this comic was left without an official title, however it has retained it’s unofficial name. This story takes place after Attack of The Clones and approximately four and a half months before Revenge of The Sith. Anakin and Obi Wan, having found Count Dooku’s citadel, are shot down as they approach it.

They crash land on the heavily forested planet and are forced to trek the long distance to the citadel.Time works against them – they need to get Dooku’s castle and catch Dooku and Grievous unaware, capturing them and ending the Trade Federation’s military front. However, when they finally infiltrate Dooku’s citadel it is over-run with an army of droids waiting for them, and no sign of the Sith or his General.

Their ship, meanwhile, has finished being repaired by the crew they left behind with the wreck, and they swoop in at the last minute and rescue the two Jedi from the swarm of droids.

Brothers in Arms is a short comic and is very easy to read. The interactions between Anakin and Obi Wan are poorly written, despite being an adaptation of the films – Anakin has slightly more emotion than in the films, which is great, but Obi Wan has lost the calm demeanor that made him such a formidable Jedi Knight and is now on an emotional rollercoaster. Let’s be honest – even the banter in the films between the two characters was often flat and uninspired, but it was Ewen Mcgregor’s clear sense of fun that gave the character some life. In the comic book we have none of the charisma or sense of charm that Mcgregor brought to the film.

The artwork is very nice. The characters are drawn to very closely resemble the characters from the films. The backgrounds and scenery are detailed and have a lot of depth. The light-sabre fight scenes and the general action is done really well.

It is not a sophisticated book, but a great introduction to comics and Star Wars for youngsters or die hard Star Wars or comic fans. I rate this book a 3/5.

Star Wars: Memes, Funny Memes & NSFW.

51tzal5-v7l-_sx311_bo1204203200_This is less of a review and more of a warning: Do Not Purchase This Book. Do not even download the free version. S.S Publishing has collected Star Wars memes from around the internet of varying resolutions and poorly edited them together into a bland, unoriginal and not even slightly entertaining book. On the Amazon page for this book he claims, “In this book, it contains best collection of memes that will make laugh out loud so loud that your friends will think you have gone crazy.” This is a very debatable statement.

There is an introduction page (though it reads more like a disclaimer) before the lazy google image search and cut-and-paste begins.

Our goal is for you to be completely satisfied with your purchase and reading experience (laughing out loud anyone?), if for any reason this is not the case we would appreciate it if you would give us a chance to address your concerns BEFORE leaving feedback. Simply log in to our Facebook group, and address your concerns and we will do our best to address your issue.

It is designed as click-Bait on the Kindle Store, and that is all there is to it – except for that one meme of Chewbacca on a hair advertisement. That one made me smile. In fact, there are some good memes that are genuinely funny spread very thinly throughout this book. Unfortunately, terrible editing and a very forgiving selection criteria makes finding the good memes an uninteresting chore. To summarize, this book is incredibly lazy, and I would recommend just browsing for Star Wars parody images on google or deviant art.

I give this book a 1/5.